Society of Human Resource Management


What is Human Resource Management?


Peter F. Drucker coined the term “Human resource” in his book The Practice of Management. The ideas that underpin human resources go back as far as human history itself, according to its history. Since ancient times, managers have been concerned about maximizing employee potential. The modern-day human resources departments are the result of the 18th-century practice of human resources management.

The term “Human Resource Management” originated in the United States in the middle of the 1980s. Human resources is a fascinating term; HR also appeared to emphasize employee commitment and motivation, despite the fact that it appeared to suggest that employees were a machine-like asset or resource. At Consensus HR, we always stress to our clients how important it is to get the most out of one of your most valuable business resources: your group.


The strategic approach to cultivating, supporting, and fostering a positive work environment is known as human resource management. Recruitment, compensation and benefits, training and development, and employee relations are typically among its functions, which vary from industry to industry.HR aims to make sure that an organization has the right knowledge, abilities, and skills to put its strategy into action. To maximize employee performance, high-performing businesses employ HR elements like job design and diversity management.

HRM is management of employees with an emphasis on these workers as assets for the company. Employees are sometimes referred to as “human capital” in this context. The objective is to maximize return on investment (ROI) while minimizing risk, just like with other business assets.

Human capital management (HCM) has been used more frequently than HRM in modern HR technology. Software used to manage a variety of HR functions has been widely referred to as “HCM” by both large and medium-sized businesses as well as other organizations.

Importance of Human Resource Management

HRM practices manage employees in a workplace to accomplish the organization’s mission and build its culture. HR managers can assist in the training and development of current employees to meet objectives as well as in the recruitment of new professionals with the necessary skills to advance the company’s objectives when done effectively.

HRM is an essential component of maintaining or enhancing a company’s health because a company is only as good as the people who work there. HR managers can also keep an eye on the job market to help the company stay competitive. This could include making sure benefits and pay are fair, planning events to keep employees from getting bored, and changing job roles to fit the market.

Strategy administration

This is an essential component of any organization and of human resource management. HR managers manage strategies to ensure the organization achieves its business goals, in addition to making significant contributions to the corporate decision-making process, which includes assessments for current employees and predictions for future employees based on business demands.

Examine the advantages

HR managers attempt to reduce costs by recruiting and retaining employees. HR professionals are trained to negotiate effectively with potential and current employees and are well-versed in employee benefits that are likely to attract qualified candidates and keep the current workforce.

Development and education

Because they make significant contributions to programs for training and development, HR managers also play a crucial role in strengthening relationships between employers and employees. As a result, productivity and employee satisfaction rise, allowing the business to expand its workforce.

Collaboration among workers

The HR managers at the company are in charge of putting on celebrations, events, and activities that help build teamwork. In addition, it increases employee interactivity and builds peer trust and respect.

Resolving disputes

When employees have a disagreement on a professional level, HR is the department to go to. By approaching the issue in an impartial manner and allowing for viable correspondence to reach an answer, they ensure that disputes are successfully resolved. In addition, they help employees comprehend the various methods for forming productive workplace relationships and the significance of avoiding personal judgment.

Making a positive work atmosphere

A positive work environment is essential for employees to perform at their best. HR managers are crucial in fostering a welcoming and healthy work environment, which in turn boosts employee output.


HR professionals, who also monitor hiring procedures and applicant logs, aim to ensure that the company complies with employment laws.

How does HRM works?

The day-to-day execution of HR-related functions is the responsibility of dedicated HR professionals in human resources management. Each organization typically has a separate department devoted to human resources.

The size, structure, and nature of individual positions in HR departments can vary across organizations. A small number of HR generalists who each carry out a diverse range of HR duties is common in smaller businesses. Individual employees may be responsible for tasks like recruiting, handling immigration and visas, talent management, benefits, compensation, and more at larger organizations, which may have more specialized roles. Even though these HR positions are distinct and specialized, there may still be job functions that overlap.


One large company with a variety of specialized HR positions is Amazon. There are 15 different HR job titles listed on Amazon’s career website:

HR assistant

HR business partner

HR manager

Recruiting Coordinator

Source and Recruiting Manager Immigration specialist

Accommodation specialist

Compensation and Benefits Specialist

Learning and Development Specialist

HR Technology

Process Project Manager

HR Analytics Specialist

Objectives of Human Resource Management

Some major objectives of HRMS are given below:

Objectives for society

Measures taken to meet the ethical and social challenges faced by the business and its employees. This includes legal issues like equal pay for equal work and equal opportunities.

Authoritative goals

Actions that contribute to the organization’s efficiency This includes giving training, hiring the right number of workers for a given job, and keeping high retention rates for employees.

Objectives in practice

Guidelines that are used to ensure that HR functions properly throughout the organization as a whole. This includes ensuring that every HR resource is utilized to its full potential.

Individual objectives

Resources used to help each employee reach their individual goals. Maintaining employee satisfaction and providing opportunities for education or career advancement are examples of this.


Human resource management (HRM) is an extremely important aspect of modern life. On the one hand, the company’s rapid growth is facilitated by the influence of both soft and hard HRM. It has the potential to boost a company’s efficiency and yield higher profits by boosting employee motivation and paying attention to company policy and law. Trade unions, on the other hand, assist employees in early negotiations with success; It indicates that the employee is able to bargain for improved working conditions and wages. However, because it is more restrictive and favors employee benefit protection, employment law is gradually becoming the focus of the world at the moment. Human Resources Management will continue to serve each business in the future.


What is HRMS and its funtions?

The strategic approach to cultivating, supporting, and fostering a positive work environment is known as human resource management. Recruitment, compensation and benefits, training and development, and employee relations are typically among its functions, which vary from industry to industry.

Explain major roles of human resource management system?

HR administration: Typically entails the administration of payroll, job descriptions, workplace policies, and benefit packages.
Change manager: HR professionals must keep an eye on regulations and inform employees of changes to policies or procedures to support compliance.
Staff administrator
Overseeing individuals: involves settling clashes, administering preparing and advancement, and cultivating representative commitment.

What are main functions of HR?

HR has transformed into a strategic partner that collaborates closely with management teams on organizational development from a personnel department primarily engaged in administration. Today, its seven primary functions include:

  1. Recrietment
  2. Training and development
  3. Compensation and benefits
  4. Policy creation
  5. Employee and labor relations
  6. Risk management
  7. Strategic planning
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